image logo

Dark Energy Physics

Fractal Physics After reading his contribution to "The Universe" Professor Sean Carroll Explained,

"we have a very good understanding of particle physics, gravity, and cosmology, considered separately. They even fit together nicely as long as we don't push too far.

But at a deep level, they are inconsistent with each other. This means we have to do a better job in constructing a coherent theory of the entire universe."

The Hypothesis of Fractal and Dark Energy Physics are my attempts at doing a better job.

In my physics all elementary particles have mass, particles and mass cannot be considered separately.

Cosmology becomes a logical progression once the fractal nature of creation is considered.

In 2014 I began monitoring astronomy news, for difficult to explain high-energy events. It became obvious that quasars were the events I was looking for, the most obvious evidence for my physics is hidden in black holes. Quasar are the ideal subject to demonstrate the proof of dark energy physics.

When developing the Hypothesis of Fractal and Dark Energy Physics, I realised vast amounts of energy trapped inside black holes could be released. I predicted this energy would manifest itself as a quasar.

I also predicted the centrifugal force acting on rapidly rotating black holes would form tori, or black tori and the quasars created from black tori could be identified by the jets emanating along their axis of rotation.

The introduction to Fractal Physics on the Troubadour website, dated 28/6/2014, included the following prediction.

"When the collapse of a supermassive black hole is recorded it will probably be reported that a black hole has disappeared."

SDSSJ1011+5442 On January 6th 2015 the disappearance of quasar SDSSJ1011+5442 was reported in a press release by the Sloan Digital Sky Survey as,

"So how do astronomers explain this unusual apparently disappearing black hole?"

Dark Energy Physics page 26 August 2017. Documents my surprise and delight on discovering that quasars meet all the criteria for a slowly collapsing black holes, supporting the premise that rotating black holes can form tori.

Messier 77 On February 23rd 2018 Monica Young news editor of the Sky & Telescope, reported details of the torus rotating around the supermassive black hole of Messier 77. NGC1068.

"This is the first reference I have found of a torus intimately associated with a black hole."

My argument that collapsing black holes make available vast quantities of stored energy, is not accepted by the physics community.

The argument that the accretion disk can supply enough energy to power, Quasars or hot dust obscured galaxies known as Hotdogs, is challenged by dark energy physics.

As more data becomes available the arguments supporting black hole collapse, will be resolved.

Planetary Nebula Menzel 3

Visually the planetary nebula Menzel 3 resembles a quasar at a smaller scale.

Fractal physics infers the collapse of a black hole in the form of a rotating torus. Will be responsible for generating the jets associated with both bodies.

The gravitational collapse of a rotating black hole torus, could generate a unique gravity wave signal. The loss of mass would be centred on the major diameter. It could travel around the torus generating a most unusual signal.

Dark Periodic Table

The periodic table has served us well for over 150 years. My own copy was part of a 12-page removable in PHYSICS an illustrated history of the foundations of science.
Written by Tom Jackson, published by Shelter Harbor Press in 2013, it is now out of date, the elements 116 Livermorium, 117 Ununseptium, and 118 Ununovtium were renamed in 2016.

The discovery of dark energy has profound implications for the periodic table, as the structure of dark energy is revealed it will explain the true structure of atoms.

A dark periodic table would I hope be centered on Hydrogen, extending in both directions. Duplicates of the atoms we know can be created from different combinations of tori, explaining away some of the anomalies seen in the current table.


In dark energy physics everything that exists has mass, every calculation you make involving mass, is influenced by the mass of everything else.

Current physics explains the universe outside black holes is expanding. Optical telescopes measure expansion using light.

Dark physics explains the universe inside black holes is contracting. Gravitational-wave telescopes measure contraction using mass.

Fractal physics explains how particles are created outside black holes; it then explains how they are destroyed inside black holes.

If particles created outside black holes are balanced by particles destroyed inside black holes, the average density of the universe will remain unchanged.